Al-Quds Open University and the Federation of Arab Scientific Research Councils opened their scientific conference on Sunday, 15.10-2017, titled " Women in the Arab World and Human Resources Development: Empowerment and Increased Participation in the Labor Market”. The conference was held at the University of Jordan under the auspices of HRH El Hassan bin Talal. Researchers from Jordan, Tunisia, Algeria, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria, Iraq, Palestine, Egypt, Morocco and Yemen participated in the conference.
In her speech, Her Excellency Mrs. Hala Bseiso Lattouf welcomed the audience, and said that this conference aims at enhancing the participation of Arab women in the economic to strengthen the role of Arab women in various fields, especially the economic sphere.
Prof. Samir Al-Najdi pointed out that the choice of the conference title was to emphasize the importance of empowering Arab women and increase their participation in the economic life as one of the most important development goals in all Arab countries, and because changing the societies depends mainly on women's empowerment and increasing their participation in the labor market.
On the first day, the scientific session focused on included five main themes: “The role of Arab women in the Arab human resource development system”, “Obstacles and problems facing programs and policies of women development and empowerment in the Arab countries”, “The role of the private and public sectors in the development and empowerment of Arab women”. The fourth axis dealt with the role of Arab legislative frameworks, and the fifth was on “Specialized models and applications in the development and empowerment of Arab women”.
On the second day, the scientific sessions and scientific papers included 6 main topics on "Arab legislative frameworks: an analytical view of the development and empowerment of Arab women" , "The role of the public and private sector in the development and empowerment of Arab women", "The role of Palestinian legislation in the development and empowerment of women", "Legal obstacles facing the empowerment of women and their participation in the labor market in the Republic of Yemen" , "The role of legislative frameworks in Algeria in promoting the culture of initiative and self-employment of Algerian women”, "Protection of working women, reading in the preliminary draft of the Algerian labor law", “The role of charities in achieving the economic empowerment of breadwinner women in the Saudi society". "The role of the private sector in empowering women working in the health sector in Salah al-Din / Iraq", "Arab legislative frameworks: an analytical perspective on the development and empowerment of Arab women", "Models and pilot applications in the development and empowerment of Arab women”, "The Social Fund for the Development of Egyptian Rural Women", and “ The work of Palestinian women: reality and required interventions”.
At the closing session, participants adopted several recommendations : The participants emphasized the need to focus on spreading the culture of empowering women according to a clear approach. The participants called for activating the roles of the various media (audio, visual and reading) in spreading awareness and knowledge of the role of women in organizations and work sites and their competitive performance in managing administrative positions , in addition to maximizing the social benefits of women in the light of the emergence of concepts of equality and social justice. Participants also emphasized the importance of targeting schools and universities by emphasizing the important role of women as leaders, as well as mothers and housewives. In this context, there may be a major role in focusing on and taking care of school curricula and university courses, in order to clarify the role of women and not to discriminate between them and men.
The participants also called upon Arab governments to apply the legislative texts contained in the applicable legislation and to implement them in practice so that the working women can find a good protection in these laws and an appropriate opportunity for them to progress and enhance their political participation and economic and community development.